Use English at Home – Part 1 Bilingual

Use English at Home – Part 1 Bilingual

Reading Time: 4 minutes

We know, based on loads of research done around the world, that children whose parents are involved in their education (such as with homework and projects) perform better and tend to be more successful in a number of ways. While extra learning at training centers and extracurricular classes are invaluable, they can’t replace parent involvement. Plus, these extra classes aren’t always available.

    根据世界各地的大量研究,我们得知,有父母参与教育(诸如家庭作业和项目)的孩子表现更好,并且在许多方面更容易取得成功。虽然在培训中心和课外班的额外学习是无价的,但它们不能取代家长的参与。况且,这些额外的类课程也不是一直随时可用。

The best way to improve language skills is to use the language with your child during daily life: at home, while shopping, when going out to eat, etc. Unfortunately, most parents don’t speak the foreign languages that their children are learning or aren’t as advanced as the child is. Parents who can speak it are often afraid of teaching their children mistakes or “bad habits.” That reluctance to speak gets passed on to the children. To make matters worse, parents and kids are already overworked. More language practice just sounds stressful.

    提高语言技能的最好方法是在日常生活中与孩子一起使用: 例如在家时、购物时、外出就餐时等等。遗憾的是,大多数父母并不会讲那些,他们的孩子正在学习的外语,或者不像孩子那样学得那么好。会说英语的父母通常害怕教错孩子或给孩子养成“坏习惯”。这种不情愿讲英语的心理也传导给孩子们。更糟糕的是,父母和孩子日常已经超负荷工作了,更多的语言练习听起来很有压力。

However, rest assured that most of these concerns are unfounded or easy to work around. In fact, this learning process can reduce anxiety, not add to it. There are several easy ways to reinforce your child’s learning that will bring you closer together and even enhance familial harmony while increasing test scores.

不过,大家请放心,这些担忧大多是没有根据,或者很容易解决。事实上,这种学习过程可以减少焦虑,而不是增加焦虑。有几个简单的方法可以加强您孩子的学习,让您和孩子们更加亲密,甚至在提高考试分数的同时增进家庭和睦。

So how do you engage in English learning at home in an enjoyable way?

那么,您如何在家愉快地学习英语呢?

Make It an Easy Game – Part I

   让它成为一个简单的游戏—第一部分

We all know that games are fun and that humans learn a great deal through games. Yes, there are apps and online activities. But the games I’m talking about are interactive experiences between parents and children. You use the language targets that the child is learning as the basis/content for a fun, easy game.

我们都知道,游戏是有趣的,人类可以通过游戏学到很多东西。确实,有很多应用程序和在线的活动都很有趣。但我说的游戏是父母和孩子之间的互动体验。您可以使用孩子正在学习的语言目标作为基础或内容来创造一个有趣的,简单的游戏。

Where do I get these games?

我从哪里可以得到这些游戏呢?

Find game ideas online by searching terms such as: English learning games at home; ESL games for kids; ESL games for teenagers; etc. You can even search by topics by adding “food, sports, geography,” etc. (HINT: Search on Bing.com in English to get more results.)

可以通过引擎搜索: 在家学习英语游戏; 儿童ESL游戏; 青少年ESL游戏等。你甚至可以通过添加“食物、运动、地理”等主题来搜索 (提示: 在Bing.com上用英文搜索可以得到更多结果)。

Ask the child to teach you a game they’ve used in their foreign language class.

让孩子教你一个他们在外语课上玩过的游戏。

Ask the child to create or adapt a game.

让孩子创造或改编一个游戏。

Adapt or make up your own game.

调整或创造属于你们自己的游戏。

You can sometimes download materials for games online, but I highly recommend having the child (and parent) create materials such as flashcards, maps, puzzles, and game boards. This ensures that targets the child will be tested on are included, and people are more likely to acquire learning targets when they make the materials themselves.

有时,你可以从网上下载游戏资料,但我强烈建议让孩子(和父母)自己动手创建一些材料,如抽认卡、地图、拼图和游戏板。这样就确保了孩子要测试的目标被包括在内,而且人们在自己动手制作材料时更有可能获得学习目标。

btr

I don’t know… That sounds like a lot of work.

听起来有很多要做啊

No problem! Here are a few of my favorites that require almost no preparation and can be played in a variety of settings:

没关系! 以下是一些我最喜欢的,几乎不需要任何准备,可以在多种设置下都适用的东西:

Vocabulary: Some reliable standbys are “I Spy,” “Twenty Questions,” and what I call “Is this?”. All of these can be done with no materials whatsoever and can even be played during your commutes by car, bike, or public transit. Flashcard memory games are also easy to find or make at home.  

词汇方面:可靠的备选词有 “我发现”、“二十个问题” 和 “这是什么?” 所有这些都可以在没有任何材料的情况下完成,甚至可以在你乘车、骑自行车或乘坐公共交通工具上下班的时候互动。同时记忆卡的游戏也很容易在家里找到或制作。

Grammar: You can use basic dialog templates from the student’s homework and replace content words. For example, if they’re learning question words and locations, take turns asking and answering questions about your immediate surroundings: “Who is in the kitchen?” – “Grandma is in the kitchen.”; “What is on the table?” – “My book is on the table.”

语法方面: 您可以使用学生作业中的基本对话框模板,并替换内容词。例如,如果他们正在学习疑问词和地点,那么可以轮流询问和回答跟您周围环境相关的问题, 例如 :“谁在厨房里?”-“奶奶在厨房里。”“桌子上有什么?”-“我的书在桌子上。”

Functional language: This means language such as greetings, farewells, and other language chunks we use in daily life. Remember that games don’t have to keep score. They can just be roleplaying for fun.

功能性语言方面: 这相当于我们在英文日常生活中使用的问候语、告别语和其他语言模块。记住,这种游戏不需要记分。他们可以只是为了好玩而扮演角色。

Spelling: Hangman is very fun because it incorporates drawing and can be adapted easily. For instance, if the child is having a very hard time, you can always give them more chances by adding clothing and accessories

    拼写方面: Hangman(国内译为吊小人)这个游戏非常有趣,因为它结合了绘图,并且很容易地进行修改。例如,如果孩子在某一个方面遇到阻碍,你可以给他们创造更多的机会,比如在游戏中增加衣服和饰品。

Higher levels: For higher-level learners, “Never have I ever” is a great game that requires almost no materials. You just need some way to help keep score.

高级别的学习层面: 对于更高层次的学习者来说,“我从来没做过…”是一款几乎不需要任何材料的伟大游戏。您只是需要一些方法来帮助保持得分。

Card games: Any card game that involves speaking works great. I’m a big fan of “Go Fish” as it employs vocabulary, grammar, social skills, and memory. (Personalize, diversify, and enhance the game by having children make their own deck of cards with at least two of whatever they want. Themed Go Fish card games are also available online.)

纸牌游戏: 任何涉及到开口说话的纸牌游戏都很棒。我是Go Fish的忠实粉丝,因为它糅合了词汇、语法、社交技巧和记忆力。(通过让孩子们使用至少两张他们想要的牌,来制作他们自己的个性化、多样化和增强游戏趣味性一副牌。主题“Go Fish”纸牌游戏也可以在网上找到。)

Ok, but how do I use games at home in a fun, effective way?

那么,我怎样才能在家里玩游戏既有趣又有效呢?

Games should be a fun way to exercise what students have already been exposed to.

游戏应该是以一种有趣的方式来锻炼学生已经接触到的东西。

So…

因此,

Games do not need to be complicated, long, or difficult.

游戏不应该太复杂,太长或者太难

Games don’t have to have a loser. You don’t even have to keep score.

游戏不一定要有输家,你甚至都不需要记分。

If you do keep score, rewards for winning can be as simple as bragging rights or a heart-felt “Good job!” Stickers or stamps added to a board or chart are surprisingly motivating (even for adults!)

    如果你坚持计分,获胜的奖励可以是获胜者炫耀的权利或父母发自内心的“棒棒哒!”,而贴在记分牌或图表上的贴纸或邮票,同样可以令人惊讶地鼓舞人心(甚至对成年人来说也是如此!)

Most importantly:

最重要的是:

– Games should not involve punishments.

-游戏不应包含惩罚。

– Games are not tests. Focus on things they already know.

-游戏不是测试。请专注于他们已经知道的那些知识。

– Whenever possible, use errorless learning (see below), but…

-只要有可能,尽量使用无错误的学习方法(见下文),但是……

– Mistakes are ok.

-犯错没关系。

– Allow the child to use a dictionary or translator.

-允许孩子使用字典或翻译。

Stay tuned for part 2 of this language-learning strategy where we explore the reasons for these guidelines.

请继续关注这一语言学习策略的第2部分,在那里我们将探讨这些指导方针的原因。

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Add address

China