Use English at Home – Here’s How and Why Part 2

Use English at Home – Here’s How and Why Part 2

Reading Time: 4 minutes

Last week, Linda explained why using English at home is an important step in progressing your child’s language learning. If you missed the article, or you’d like to read it in a bilingual version please click here.

上周,琳达向我们解释了为什么在家里使用英语是促进孩子语言学习的重要一步。如果你错过了这篇文章,或者你想阅读它的双语版本,请点击这里。

Linda also introduced the concept of making it an easy game. Read one to find more tips on using English at home.

   琳达还介绍了把学习过程变成简单游戏的概念。阅读其中一篇可以找到更多在家使用英语的技巧

Make It an Easy Game – Part II

让它成为一个简单的游戏 – 第二部分

Language games are a great way to keep learners engaged outside of the classroom. But there are lots of questions about the best ways to use games.

   语言游戏是让学习者参与课堂之外的活动的一个非常棒的方法。但是怎样以最好的方式来使用游戏作为学习的方法还存在很多问题。

How do I use language games at home in a fun, effective way?

我如何在家以一种有趣、有效的方式来使用语言游戏?

Here are a few basic guidelines about using and creating learning games at home.

 以下是一些关于在家使用和创造学习游戏的基本指导。

Games should be a fun way to exercise what students have already been exposed to.

游戏应该是一种有趣的方式来练习学生已经接触到的东西。

So…

 因此,

Games do not need to be complicated, long, or difficult. 

游戏不需要复杂、冗长或很难。

Games don’t have to have a loser. You don’t even have to keep score.

游戏不一定要有输家。你甚至不需要记分。

If you do keep score, rewards for winning can be as simple as bragging rights or a heart-felt “Good job!” Stickers or stamps added to a board or chart are surprisingly motivating (even for adults!)

如果你坚持计分,获胜的奖励可以是获胜者炫耀的权利或父母发自内心的“棒棒哒!”,而贴在记分牌或图表上的贴纸或邮票,同样可以令人惊讶地鼓舞人心(甚至对成年人来说也是如此!)

Most importantly:

最重要的是:

Games should not involve punishments.

-游戏不应包含惩罚。

Games are not tests. Focus on things they already know.

-游戏不是测试。请专注于他们已经知道的那些知识。

Whenever possible, use errorless learning (see below), but… 

-只要有可能,尽量使用无错误的学习方法(见下文),但是……

Mistakes are ok

-犯错没关系。

Allow the child to use a dictionary or translator.

-允许孩子使用字典或翻译。

Let’s take a look at the reasons for these guidelines and some frequently asked questions.

 接下来让我们来看看提出这些指导方针的原因和一些常见问题。

Errorless learning is a teaching strategy used in classrooms, cognitive and speech therapy, and training in many fields.

无错误学习是一种用于课堂上、认知和语言治疗以及很多领域的训练的教学策略。    

Errorless learning is a way of teaching that prevents a learner from making mistakes as he or she is learning a new skill. It is highly effective for people who are prone to making mistakes. It reduces the frustration and disappointment that often accompanies making errors during “trial and error” methods of teaching. While errors are normal and can provide information to teachers regarding gaps in knowledge and skills, evidence shows that the reduced stress of errorless learning can result in faster acquisition. 

无错误学习是一种防止学习者在学习新技能时犯错的教学方法。对于那些容易犯错误的人来说,这是非常有效的。它减少了“试错法”教学过程中经常出现的挫折和失望。虽然错误是正常的,它可以为教师提供有关知识和技能差距的信息,但有证据表明,减少无错误学习的压力可以导致更快的知识获得。

Is that really challenging enough?

    这真的足够有挑战性吗?

Yes. One amazing thing that researchers have learned about language acquisition is that once a language target has been acquired, the brain naturally opens itself to learn more. So, the more fluent your learner is with a target, the more readily they pick up new ones. By practicing the easy stuff at home, you’re helping them get ready to learn new stuff at school.

是的。研究人员对语言习得的一个惊人发现是,一旦一个语言目标被习得,大脑就会自然地打开自己去学习更多的东西。所以,你的学习者对目标掌握得越流利,他们就越容易掌握新的目标。通过在家练习简单的东西,实际上你是为了帮助他们在学校学习新东西而做准备。

Remember, this is not a test! By giving the learners the answers, you’re keeping it fun AND they are getting good reinforcement.

  请记住,这不是测试! 通过给学习者答案,你让学习本身保持乐趣,同时让孩子们得到很好的知识强化。

That sounds boring! 那听起来无聊!

During the game process, parents (or children) can increase the difficulty level to keep things interesting. If you sense that your child is getting bored, expand the topic or step up the difficulty level just a bit. See what else they know. Just keep in mind the concept of errorless learning and you’ll still have plenty of fun.

    在游戏过程中,家长(或孩子)可以通过增加难度来保持游戏的趣味性。如果你觉得你的孩子开始觉得无聊了,那就扩展一下话题,或者稍微提高一下难度。看看他们还会些什么。只要记住无错误学习的概念,你们仍然会在玩游戏时收获很多乐趣。

If they can use a dictionary or translator, isn’t that cheating? 

如果他们可以使用字典或翻译,这不是作弊吗?

Nope! Remember, this isn’t a test; it’s a game just for fun. In fact, by allowing them to look words up and check translators, you’re teaching them to be independent learners. They’ll encounter more language by having to explore. It also lets them practice using that technology.

不! 请记住,这不是测试,这是一个好玩的游戏。事实上,通过让孩子们查单词和检查翻译,你实际是在教他们成为能独立学习的人。通过探索,他们会接触到更多的语言。同时也是让他们练习如何使用这项独立学习的技艺。 

Isn’t it lazy to use a translator/dictionary?

使用翻译/字典是不是听起来很懒?

Not at all. Saying, “I don’t know,” and giving up is lazy. It takes extra work to check a device, to persevere until you have what you want. Most children will really try to think of the word or expression they want to use before looking it up. Once the child uses (speaks) what they looked up, they’ve started to learn it.

其实一点也不,说“我不知道”,和放弃的才是懒惰的表现。俗话说磨刀不误砍柴工。大多数孩子在查找单词或短语之前都会努力去思考它。一旦孩子用他们所查到的东西来运用,他们就已经开始学习了。

But mistakes are inevitable.

但是错误是不可避免的

There will be mistakes, and that’s fine. Approach any mistakes you notice as if you’re a team solving a puzzle together. It’s an opportunity to explore. Start by saying, “Is that right? I’m not sure. Let’s check.” Again, this isn’t a test. So, referring to books, etc. is perfectly fine. In fact, the process of learning to make a mistake and still keep trying builds character and instills confidence.

在这个过程中肯定会犯有错误,但是没关系。处理任何你注意到的错误,就好像你们是一个团队一起来解决难题。这是一个探索的机会。从“这是对的吗?” ,“ 我不确定”, “让我们检查一下”。再强调一下,这不是测试。所以,参考书籍等是完全可以的。事实上,学会犯错并不断尝试的过程会塑造你的性格,增加孩子的自信心。 

Won’t that build bad habits?

那样不是在养成坏习惯吗?

If saying it correctly a few times didn’t stick, neither will saying it incorrectly a few times. As long as they encounter the correct way (from school, TV, movies, apps, dictionaries, etc.) they (and you!) will eventually learn the correct way to use/say a target. Just be a good example as much as possible.

如果正确地说几次都没有效果,那么错误地说几次也不会有效果。只要他们邂逅正确的方法(从学校,电视,电影,应用程序,字典等),他们(和你!)将最终学习正确的方式来使用/说一个目标。尽可能多地做一个好榜样。

And…

并且,

Start a list of things to ask their teacher/tutor. When you realize that you aren’t sure about something, add it to the list, then continue with the game.

   列一张能够咨询孩子们的老师或导师的清单。当你意识到你对某事不确定时,把它添加到清单中,解决清楚之后,继续游戏。

But what if I don’t know the language as well as my child?

但是如果我不像我的孩子一样精通语言呢?

It might be hard to play a game if you don’t know as much as the other player (in this case, the child). That’s where part three of our series comes in.

如果你不像其他玩家(在本例中是孩子)了解的那么多,那么玩游戏可能就很难了。这就是我们的系列文章的第三部分。 

Stay tuned for more ways to interact with your child in English, even if you don’t speak it!

即使你不会说英语,也要关注更多用英语与孩子交流的方式。

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